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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 18, 2020 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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♪ narrator: fug for presentation of this program is provided by... in a new language like spanish, french, german, italian and more. babbel 10 to 15 minute lessonse availn app or online. more information on, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing sol for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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laura: this is "bbc world news america." yreporting from newk, i am laura trevelyan. erica ramps up the sponsor coronavirus. president trump closes the border with canada and invokes the wartime law to provide equipment. pres. p: i think we will do it fastethan we thought andt will be a complete victory. laura: wall street plunges as the dow briefly falls below then level it was apresident trump took office. the death toll continues to climb in europe,s the elderly in spain find themselves particularly at risk. >> ♪ dum dum dum laa: plus, finding musical comfort online. how virtual choirs are helping
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people sing awayse containment blues. laura: for all of you watching on pbs and around the globe, weaome to "world news amer." here in new york, thet city is ghwn. the coronavirus crisis has closed stores, kept people at him, and sent the stock market spiraling do. president trump invoking the defense production act so vital medical supplies can be made. the u.s. senate passed a $100 billion aid package, one part of the stimulus plan administration is working on. new york city, which likes to boast it never sleeps, is now in suspendednimation the lives pe unrecognizable.go are bars and restaurants are closed, so bite ride--subwa ridership
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has fallen so much that transport officials are asking for a bailout. present company's sending military hospital ships to new york's harbor and the west coast. the administration has closed thu. the president faced criticism folar downg the threat of the coronavirus initially. and he says he is firmly at the helm. presp: i view it as --rt dennis as a e president. that is what we are fighting. it is a tough situation. you have to do things, you have tolose parts of an economy that six weeks ago were the best they've ever been. we had the best economy we have ever had. laura: t number of coronavirus cases worlide has topped0. 200, that figure has doubled in two weeks. in beleaguered italy, the virus has infected moreha31,000 people. in the u.s., the number of cases is over 7000. at the trump administration scrambles to put together eight stimulus package of $1 trillion
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to help america's ailing economy, including direct payments to americans, wall street was in freefall. trading was temporarily halted yet again as a key index fell more than 7%. de the virus wreaks havoc in america, the pre was asked why he keeps calling it the chinese virus. >> a lotf people say it is racist. pres. trump: it is not racist at all, no. comes from china, that's why. laura: as hospitals across america brace for an influx of patients and fears grow about shortages ventilators and masks, the president is invoking a law from the error of the korean war to increase production of a vital supplies in case needed. there are more and more drive-through testing facilities for the coronavirus, like this one in long island. as the u.s. starts teseng people mor widely, the number of cases will only increase. we have been reporting, doctors are warning that hospitals are running
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dangerously low on and the red cross told the bbc there has been shortage of ludloat blood dns. omar lateef is the ceo of rush medical center in chicago and he joined me a short timego. is your hospital have all the ventilators and masks you are gog to need? dr. lateef: that is a tough question. in terms of readiness our institution is as prepared as it can be, but the numbers are staggering, d we have seen growth around the rest of the world, that there is a cut point where there is not enough supplies to take care of the incrsing volume today we have a relatively full hospital. we have some open beds and all the equipment we need. but in the future that may change as it is changing all over the country. laura: are you beginning to see morees coronavirus cn chicago as the testing ramps up? dr. lateef: yes, well, we are seeing more overtimeou with and withe testing.
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the reason for an answer like that is as the testing ramps up, we will capture more positives, because there are more people positive in the city of chicago that have been tested. we know that with time, without adequate containment, our volumes will dramatically increase. we are growing for two reasons. one is the testing. two is the continuous spreading growth. laura: do you think the containment measures are tough enough? dr. lateef: i think that as a physician, the containment measures can never be tough thenough. e is obviously able to of other concerns that the city and vernment has to take into consideration. from a medical perspective, if you put the entire world and each individl in a bubble for a couple of weeks, we would see a profound decrease or eradi tion of this virus. personally we uld advocate that everybody take these mitigation efforts much more seriously. laura: when do you think we will see a spiken cases?
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in twoee, three weeks? dr. lateef: mathematically esat is a hard on to answer, virtually impossible. the world alth organization says we can still change the course in the direction of spread by aggressive containment and mitigation. right now we are on the way up. how can you predict a spike if cases are actually increasing? they will increase until the impact of the mitigation and containment techniques put in place are felt. people canredict around 15 days would be a good time to reassess, because that is aim lk ofthe book -- length of time the virus y can live r body. if you adequately mitigate and n this can we should kno more in two weeks. nurses coping with the virus? ey are on the front line. c. lateef: everybody goes in this field to tae of people, and in a way they are
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all heroic. in a direct way, they come to take patients. they are all patnt-facing and across six feet from people to get care. ulthis is incredibly stres time for health care all over the world i can just say that they are coping because they have to. that is why people go into this field. we are seeing that locally as well as hospitals in our system and across chigo are banding together and sharing resources and working in lockstep to try to figure out how to support one another and take car of as many patients as they can. laura: dr. omar lateef, thank you fojoining us, and good stocks on wall street dived again on wednesday. the dow sang from the start. by thelose, it had given by 1300 points, or that is off its lows of the the selloff administration pusor a $1
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trillion stimulus package. tonight the senate approved a bill providing sick leave and earlier i spoke with jason furman,orr chairman of the council of economic advisers under president obama. he is now a professor at the harvard kennedy school. the sixth-leave-- sick-leaveha bill, isa start? jason: that is a start. it includes important things like testing you mentioned paid leave. it is hard to set up and they will have to do a lot to make it work. includes more money for states to cover some of their expenses. twhatnk is most encouraging is how strong the bipartin vote was in house, h strong the bipartisan vote was in the senate. i expect the president to sign it very quickly. so it showed a certain function of the u.s. government, and we will need a lot more of that in the ds, weeks, and months to come. laura:1 advocating direct cash
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payments to americans. the administration is looking at this idea ve been advocating. how much do americans need, and when? jason: a lot, and soon. i worked on the response to the last financial crisis, and it is difficult to set up brand new complicad programs in the best of times. we are not in the best of times right now. what i think we should do is something simple, something we have done before, which is give checks to people. a lot of people are going to be hurting for a lot of different reasons. this would provide broad-based relief. they could have the money relatively soon. i'm heartened that there has been growing support for it, but there is also a lot of other so we will see what happens ine. the coming days. laura: how many people in america could lose their jobs ae the economy fr up? jason: no one knows.
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the treasury secretary reportedly talked a 20% if action wasn't taking-- taken. it also depends on how long it lasts. so businesses will pay people for a month, but they want be able to affd to pay them for two months--they will not be able to afford to pay them for two months, three months,ive months. we can see the sharpest rise of unemployment, the largest scaay of immediatefs we have ever seen. i think that is a real possibility here. laura: airlines are calling for a bailout. should they get what they are asking for? massive liquidity probl, and i think the government should lend them money. it should lend the money against some form of collateral, and it eventually the airlines need to through a bankruptcy process they could do that in an orderly fashion, not in the midst of all of this. that is something they have been
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before, and it is a process that shareholders, their debtholders, and others. for now lend them money. don't just give them a gift. laura: as a veteran of the last financial csis, how does this one feel to you? jason:his feel terrible. in the last crisis, most people kept their jobs, many people maintained their consumption. in this one, everyone is cutting back their csumption. in the last one we were doing everything we could to restart the economy. here, the most important thing the government can do stop the ecomy, and it should be doing that. it needs to do that fothe sake of health, and that means the economic efforts we are making to provide relief for families and put yourself in a position to restart the economy all the harder. i think this is a perilous moment. it will take a lot of cooperation, bipartisan in the united states, global cooperation, and a really
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ambitious economic response will be needed. laura: jason furman, thanks for being with us. jason: thanks for having me. laura: in spain, the outbreak is spreading rapidly despite severe limits on personal movement and public gatherings. there are nearly 14,000 confirmed cases, a sharp increase from only 24 hours ago. as our europe correspondent damian grammaticas repor, the virus has begun spreading through old people's homes. damian: inside this madrid care home, 120 elderly, frail residents, and also now the virus. in just the last week it has taken a terrible toll. every day, hearses called each time another resident has succumbed. from his home across the street, miguel says he has watched them come and go, 17 of them now. >> some my window i have seen
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them. they put their body bags inside and they go to the crematorium. they are ting to avoid any of intimidation damian: so the care home has been sealed off, relatives not allowed inside, even as parents or grandparents have been dying. what isow happeningn spain is the scenario many fear, covid-19 spreadingmong the most vulnerable. we watched as carlos tried to get in to see his mother. laste heard she had no symptoms. 89 years old, celebrating in a home last christmas. t"i couldn't ge inside," he says. w"i don't knt is going on in i just want--going their. i just want news about myer moth volunteers at the care home say there has for the staff trying to fight the virus here. >> we are wored because no one has come to sanitize this place.
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damian: in surrounding streets, people are hunkered down in what is now a nationwide confinement. this is what you find all across spain, people thuttered inside houses, communities that have fallen silent because everyone is acutely cdascious of thers posed by the virus and on venturing out as obsolete as. --absolutely necessary. spain impose these measures last weekend, given the virus's incubation period can be up to two weeks, cases rise fast. another 2,500 confirm today. police are enforcing the lockdown more vigorously. handing out fines to people who were outside without a vid reason. it alleans a strange quiet has a city stilled by the outbreak here. the informatics---damian
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grammaticas, bbc news, madrid. laura: so much sadness in madrid. chancellor angela merkel has given an unprecedented televised address. she says that pandemic is the counchy's greallenges since the second world war, and the number of love was lost will depend on how strictly people follow rules.queues have built n germany and hungary could the 21st-century bloc imposed a ban to keep the spread of the coronavirus. t'detrs major carmakers find a temporary close all u.s. factories to prevent the spread ford, gm, andiat chrysler have faced intense pressure from unions who are concerned about the safety of workers. announced a six-a halt in production in the u.s., canada, and mexico.
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away from virus news, bernie sanders's campaign team says he is assessing his next steps after suffering defeats to joe democratic presidential nominee. biden won all three of the contest in florida, illinois, you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, the effect of the coronavirus on the vulnerable. we look at how america's homeless population is faring in the crisis. >> what happens if your mom projects you?-0- rejects you? >> that is going to hit me hard. have honked my family without really knowing it-- harmed my family without really
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knowing it? that was my thout. >> whatre littlblack girls gog to think ootyou for precting white supremacists? like drinking out of the river because it is all dirty now. >> "our world" is a unique seri of films on the bbc, offering unique insights into global events. >> i believe in this place. >> i'm very hpy. >> "our whaorld," stories speak for themselves. >> i've been covering hong kong since 2006, and protests are nothing new there. but the attitude in that city has changed dramatically. >> attempts by the authorities to prevent as much from taking place have failed pret dismally. >> as the story has unfolded, the amount of equipment we have taken with us has become less
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and less, because you have got and youle to move fast, do have to be on your feet at all times. it can be quite dangerous. >>very week it seems to get worse. >>in one day i was movin direction where i thought we could cross the police line, and whack, what must've hit me was a rubber bullet. >> it is hard to see how this is going to be resolved. >> in a situation like this, you have to be levelheaded. we observe and we report as ir as wean. laura: as millions of americans take refuge at homnaduring the corus crisis, hundreds of thousands of homeless people are struggling. they are a greater risk of contracting the virus because of their exposure to the elements, and the very charities and public facilities the homelesfi depend on ouing it really
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hard to stay open. barbarats plett-usher reprom the nation's capital. barbara: this is the largest shelter in washington, i'm here because i'm asking the question we are told to stay home if we feel sick, but what happens if you don't have a home? there are a lot of people on the street in d.c., and they have to work hard to stay clean in the best of times. that is getting more important with the disease, but also more difficult with public facilities shutting down. >>a we are tch community. -- tent community. barbara: ln has been living rough downtown for nearly two years. able to get soap and water to wash her hands? >> i just did the other day. i used to the restaurant by the vietnam wall often, e lincoln memorial. igtely i've been trying to -- they have little that say 20 seconds and all that, so i've barbara: you find there are less places to go now? >> yeah, sure.
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thank god it's spring. barbara:inhey are tg to do what they can at churches that feed the homeless. --places that feed the homeless. churches have closed their doors, but some have moved meals outside. they have had to hours and services. >> i'm very concerned for our ests. i think they are going to be disproportionately impacted by irthis. many of our guests have chronic health conditions that make it even more not possible they will get the virus, but if they get it, it could be deadly. thrbara: it is a scary new world for everyone, bu homels are particularly vulnerable. weeing told to stock up on food and isolate ourselves for weeks at a time, but they not only he no home to go to, they live meal to meal. situation is challengin for big shoulders. normally they close during the day. nothey are staying open for 24 hours. they are taking steps to oisinfect things as much as possible and are a certain amount of screening of people as they come in. in one a shelter, th taking
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people's temperatures for the but they are not set up to do with pandecs, and doctors have been working harto prevent the disease from taking hd. >> most of the shelters here are dorm-stylehelters, where you could have as many as 50 bunkbeds in a room. from the very beginning we have been stressing the importance of infection control, and trying to prevent any kind of spread i think there are efforts being made to space beds further apart, having people sleep hea barbara: i am told that no homeless people in d.c. have tested positive for the coronavirus, although only a handful of them have been teed. the city is looking for places to quarantine any of those who do ce down with the disease, but it is a stressful time and no one knows what to expect. barba plett-usher, bbc news, washington. laura: from the streets of washington can we turn to the corners of the internet that are trying to cheer us up.
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in this era of social distancing, many people are nd ag online to communit take the sofa singers, an online choir with some 500 vocalts. our arts correspondent david sillitohe logon to hear tirst rehearsal. david: ok, great as see you all joining us. david: meet the sofa singers. >> 1, 2, 3 -- david: an online musical solution to corona isolation. >> ♪ da da dum, dum da da dum, dum ♪ david: across the uk's a europe, america, and africa, a global chorus. th is just a fraction. page after page, there are 500 sofa singers all at home, alln isolation, all singing together. >> ♪ so darling, darling >> i have been from ear to ear. >> it was a thing of beauty.
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david: as someone who can't though itove it eve fills me with fear. the inspiration for the online collectiveho, the balcony singers of italy. ♪ we saw in italy tse kind of spontaneous singing in the streets and music making. e someone just messageying, "james, you run singing but your echoirs h stopped. anything you can do online?" 72 hours later i was there online with 500 people. >> ♪ou the way y are the way you are ♪ >> we were all waiting our hands and clapping and singing along. just the joy of that, it made me super happy. david: so we might not be able to be together, but we can still sing together. david sillito, bbc news.
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>> fantastic, everybody. laura: very cheering. let's recap our top stories before we go. president trump has invoked a measure dating to the korean war to ramp up production of equipnt. he also shut down the border with canada. on wall street, stocks dropped today. an automatic trigger came into effect to halt trading for the fourth time this month. the u.s. senate passed a $100 billion aid package that includes paid sick leave and free coronavirus testing as part of a broader stimulus that could end up totaling a trillion dollars. in italy, the number of infections and fatalities continues to spike. 2900 deaths have been reported, putting the country behind only china in terms of lives lost. i'm laura trevelyan. thank you for watching "bbc have a safe evening.
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presentation of this program n: babbel, an online program developed by language specialists teaching spanish, french, and more. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ ♪
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: mr. roge♪ it's a beautiful girl: we are the curious.♪ ♪ woman 1: wow! man 1: the adventurous. man 2: oh! daniel tiger: grrr! woman 2: those venturime out for the first ti. all: blast off! [rocket explosion] man 3: and those who have never lost our sense of wonder. man 4: whoa! man 5: are you seeing this? ♪ [quacking] vo: are the hungry. cookie monster: cookie! man 6: the strong. muhammad ali: i must be the greatest! ♪ vo: the joyful. bob ross: a happy little cloud. ♪ man 3: we believe ther always more we can uncover. orgirl: more we can ex woman 3: we believe... man 6: the capacity for goodness. vo: and the potential for greatness. ♪he man 7: torch has been passed to a new generation of americans. man 1: pbs. man 3: pbs. girl: pbs. ♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. n on tshour tonight: at war with an invisible enemy. the u. hunkers down to fight the spread of covid-19, closg the border to canada, as lawmakers move to provideli financial while the economic fallout worsens. then, the coming cris. the u.s. medical community braces for the worst case scenario: a cascade of patients plus: shtage of hospital beds. ♪ ♪ world renowned cellist yo-yo ma on the healing power of music in a time of global fear. >> a virus is something that travels globally, it knows no borders, no walls, no


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